Muscle Spasms in Back: Causes & Treatments

Complaints of a large amount of pain and discomfort due to muscle spasms in back muscle groups is a fairly common complaint that numerous physicians and specialists hear from many of their patients. Much of this is due to the wide range of physical injuries, medical conditions, and diseases that can affect the vertebrae of the spinal column, ligaments, nerves, muscles and muscle groups, and tendons.

Common Causes for Back and Neck Muscle Spasms

There is almost an endless amount of injuries, diseases, and medical conditions that can affect a person’s back and neck. The result of these problems is often either muscle spasms in upper back areas, legs, lower back, the back around the mid-section, or a combination of these that can affect different areas of the back all at the same time. Some of the most common causes include the following:

  1. Excessive straining to either the neck or the back can cause neck muscle spasm problems and a significant amount of pain experience
  2. Trauma from various types of injury is one of the most common causes of spasms that can occur in both the neck and back muscle groups
  3. Spasmodic torticollis and tetanus are serious medical conditions that commonly cause a person to experience upper back and neck muscle spasm problems
  4. Stress, tension, and anxiety are causes for numerous men and women suffering from the pain and discomfort associated with these spasms in back and can range from the cervical area of the spine all the way down to the lumbar area of the spine.

Another major cause of spasms in lower back muscle groups that can occur all along the length of the spine that a vast majority of men and women are unaware of is certain types of deficiencies in regards to nutrition. In order for a person to benefit from normal ranges of muscle function their system requires adequate amounts of vitamins B12 and D. When adequate levels of these vitamins are not obtained through proper nutrition or vitamin supplements, it can result in spasms in lower back muscles, neck pain, and significant amounts of pain to the mid-section area of the spine. Other nutritional deficiencies that can also cause such pain when inadequate amounts are consumed within a person’s diet include sodium, magnesium, and potassium.

There are also quite a few other causes for this excruciating type of pain which will often cause a person to seek the help of a medical professional that has a vast knowledge and experience in suggesting effective treatment. Poor posture, sitting or standing in the same position for lengthy periods of time, and even using improper posture while picking various objects up, are all culprits that can cause a large amount of back pain.

Common Approaches of Treatment

As we mentioned above, there are numerous causes of muscle spasms, and this is the exact reason why some treatment options may work very well for one person but it may not necessarily work nearly as well for the next person. There are some men and women that frequently endure this sort of pain that may have to try a few different treatment options being offered before finding the one that works the best for them. Below you will find a list of some of the treatment options.

  1. Ice Packs – An ice pack should be used for the first 72 hours following the onset of these spasms in lower back muscle groups, as well as those occurring to the mid-section and upper area of the back. Not only will this numb much of the discomfort that can be experienced when spasms occur, but it will also help a great deal in reducing inflammation. Ice packs should only be applied for 20 minutes per application.
  2. Hot Packs – Heat packs should not be used until about three days after the condition occurs, or when a person has experienced the spasms.
  3. Vitamin and Herbal Supplements – The muscles in the human body depend on numerous vitamins and minerals that are contained in foods we eat. When well-balanced meals are not consumed on a regular basis, vitamin supplements and herbal remedies should be considered to prevent upper, mid-section, and lower back muscle spasms. Some of the best ones that should be considered include Boswellin, Vitamin C and E, Valerian Root, Zinc, Bromelain, Glucosamine Sulfate, Copper, MSM, Curcumin, Calcium, Kava Kava, and Hops. Each of these also works as an excellent preventative for the condition.
  4. Regular Exercise – Exercises that are used to strength, stretch, and tone the muscles of the back is something that each patient will want to engage in. Spasms in back muscle groups can often be completely prevented when a person takes the steps required to strengthen and tone the muscles.
  5. Meditation and Yoga Techniques – Each of these is a treatment that has been found to be very effective at lowering pain caused by lower, mid-section, and upper back muscle spasms. This is because of the techniques that are learned to relax the entire body. They are also used to increase muscle tone and strength, which helps in the prevention of neck muscle spasm pains and those that occur down the length of the spine.

If none of these treatment approaches work well enough to reduce the level of pain you experience, you may also want to question your physician about some of the other options that are offered. These include electric stimulators, water therapy, ultrasound, topical analgesics, a variety of over-the-counter and prescription medications, and various other treatment approaches.